The international community, through the UN Security Council, has demanded multiple times that Hezbollah disarm. Hezbollah has ignored these demands over and over again. They ignored UN Resolution 1701, which called for a zone free of armed personnel besides the army of Lebanon. They ignored UN Resolution 1559 and the Lebanese Taif Agreement, which ended the Lebanese Civil War and called for the disbanding and disarmament of all Lebanese- and non-Lebanese militias. Hezbollah clearly shows it has no intention of ever laying down its arms.
UN Resolution 1701
At the end of the Second Lebanon War in 2006, a ceasefire between the different parties was reached and the UN Security Council issued Resolution 1701:
What follows in bold is the actual text of the resolution.
The Security Council “calls for Israel and Lebanon to support a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution based on the following principles and elements:
– […] the establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani river of an area free of any armed personnel, assets and weapons other than those of the Government of Lebanon.”
In clear violation of the resolution, Hezbollah has remained in southern Lebanon and has even expanded its missile arsenal. As of the summer of 2014, Hezbollah had an estimated 100,000 rockets and missiles with short, medium and long ranges, five times what it had during the Second Lebanon War. Hezbollah has other weapons which can be used to strike civilian population centers, including C-802 shore-to-ship missiles, which were used during the Second Lebanon War, and Ababil UAVs.
Section 8 of the resolution called for the following principles (in bold).
Hezbollah never dismantled its military wing as these agreements required.
…no foreign forces in Lebanon without the consent of its government;
“It is impossible for weapons to stay raised against the will of a democratic people and against the truth,” Saad al-Hariri, Former Prime Minister of Lebanon said on March 2013. “We want to put [Hezbollah’s weapons] under the control and authority of the state because it’s the army which protects us all.“
Hezbollah has not disarmed.
..no sales or supply of arms and related materiel to Lebanon except as authorized by its Government;
Weapons destined for Hezbollah, including rockets and missiles, are transferred from Iran into Lebanon by sea, by air and over land, and Syria plays a vital logistical role. Here are the types of missiles Hezbollah has: Iranian-manufactured Fajr-3 and Fajr-5 rockets with a range of between 43 and 75 kilometers, Iranian-manufactured Fatah 110 rockets with a range of 250 kilometers and Syrian-manufactured 302mm rockets with a range of between 110 and 115 kilometers. Major General Yossi Baidatz, former head of the IDF Military Intelligence Research Department said in May, 2010 that “long range Scud missiles had recently been delivered to Hezbollah from Syria”.
Hezbollah has clearly violated UN Resolution 1701. Its leader Hassan Nasrallah admitted as much on Al-Manar TV in November 2012: “If Israel was shocked by the number of Fajr-5 rockets which hit Tel Aviv, how will it be able to bear the thousands of rockets which will rain on Tel Aviv and other places if it invades Lebanon? The campaign with Gaza was within a 40 to 70 kilometer range, [but] the campaign with us will be within the range of all occupied Palestine, from the Lebanese border to the border with Jordan, from Kiryat Shmona to Eilat.”
Section 15 of UN Resolution 1701 further states that:
“…all States shall take the necessary measures to prevent, by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or aircraft:
(a) The sale or supply to any entity or individual in Lebanon of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, whether or not originating in their territories;
Syria and Iran freely sent arms to Hezbollah. UNIFIL troops (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon) are designated as an observer force only. As then-UN Secretary General Kofi Annan said in 2006, “troops are not going in there to disarm – let’s be clear. The UNIFIL force will only carry out interception missions if asked by the Lebanese government.” Syria then declared that the deployment of any UN forces near its border would be considered a “hostile act”. It would be hard for any force to prevent arms smuggling on a border that Syria refuses to let them monitor.
UN Resolution 1559 (2004) and the Taif Agreement (1989)
Both UN Resolution 1559 and the Taif Agreement call for the “disbanding of all Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias,” including Hezbollah.
The Taif Agreement, signed in 1989, was designed to end the Lebanese Civil War. The major part of the agreement ordered all armed militias operating in Lebanon to disarm. Hezbollah did not. A few years after the agreement was signed, Hezbollah was still firing hundreds of rockets on Israeli cities.
UN Resolution 1559 was adopted in 2004. Two years later, Hezbollah, armed and trained, kidnapped three Israeli soldiers. Hezbollah’s actions led Israel to initiate operational activity which developed into a war. During the course of the war, Hezbollah fired approximately 4,000 rockets into Israel and killed a total of 119 IDF soldiers and 44 Israeli civilians.
Since its creation, Hezbollah has used terror to achieve its goals: the destruction of Israel and the establishment of a Shia theocracy in Lebanon. They have disregarded all international calls to disarm. They continue to serve the interests of Iran and its Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei. In return, the Iranians spare no effort to bring missiles and rockets to their ally, the terrorist organization Hezbollah.
More about Hezbollah in this declassified report.